The ocean is changing. Up to 90% of coral reefs would be eradicated and the oceans would become more acidic. Fishing around the world would be much less productive. International climate negotiations are organized by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Adopted in 1992 at the Earth Summit on stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, the UNFCCC came into force in 1994, while the 1992 Rio Declaration set out the basic principles of intergovernmental environmental negotiations (preventive approach, polluter-pay principle, common but differentiated responsibilities). Paris Agreement, 2015. The most important global agreement to date, the Paris Agreement, obliges all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions. Governments set targets known as national contributions, with a view to preventing the average global temperature from rising by 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to strive to keep it below 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to achieve zero net emissions globally, where the amount of greenhouse gases emitted is equivalent to the amount removed from the atmosphere in the second half of the century.

(This is also called climate neutral or carbon neutral.) Although both the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement intend to combat climate change, there are significant differences between them. This CFR context compares countries` actions to combat climate change. #environmental sustainability #nature #climate change The EU is at the forefront of international efforts to combat climate change. It played an important role in mediating the Paris Agreement and continues to play a leading role at the global level. Yes, there is broad consensus within the scientific community, although some deny that climate change is a problem, including politicians in the United States. When negotiating teams meet for international climate talks, “there is less skepticism about science and more disagreement about how to set priorities,” said David Victor, professor of international relations at the University of California, San Diego.